While the descendants of people who had lived in the greater China region now represent almost 20% of world population, there is no single identity concept that are embraced by all of them, neither is there a single identity concept that reflects both the genetic and cultural heritage. The word Chinese denotes someone with such genetic heritage, but requires no cultural practice, and also used to denote a citizen of PRC. The birth of the label Hualish is a good supplement. Hua represents the genetic dimension of the new label, following its current use, and Li represents the cultural dimension of the new label.


The book will be a valuable tool for academics who are interested in culture (re)design and issues related to the descendants from people lived in the greater China area, or culture (re)design in general. It will be equally valuable for those who want to revamp their own culture identity, at any of the levels discussed in the book.

The book first proposes aCulture Design Paradigm, and use it to construct a new conceptual identity called Hualish. It then describes three paths that one may use to construct an ideal Hualish identity. Finally, the book proposes Humanistic Hualish as a converging version of Hualish.

Culture Design Paradigm

A paradigm used to (re)design a culture that includes three core aspects - vitality, structure, and foci. It provides a comprehensive HOPE framework for structuring a given cultural focus to achieve cultural vitality that is consisted of four tiers: nominal, operational, sustainable, and gravitative.


Organizing level and VariantCulture may be understood and designed at several organizing levels: atomic, micro, meso and macro, these are culture foci in CDP.



Cultures have various compositions, and thus different levels of cultural vitality. The book discussesFour Tiers of Cultural Vitality.


The provides an overview of the ENP paradigm derived from The Bubble Theory, and use it to organize core elements of cultures into four structural components:human-I-cosmos (H), objectives (O), protocols (P) and experiences (E). Collectively, these compriseHOPE Framework.

Three Paths of Design

Three different paths can be taken to design or redesign the relevant Hualish culture for a particular variant at a certain level.

The Recipe Path

It is essentially an operation manual based on CDP. It provides guidance on how to: (a) assess the current state of Hualish, (b) identify areas for improvement based on vital signs, (c) try out new structural components (or modify existing ones) to help achieve such goals while removing existing inconsistencies, and (d) adopt those that seem to work best.


The Example Path

It provides templates that users can follow. The Example Path includes a comprehensive, yet succinct and accurate descriptions of (almost) all important types of Hualish within a variant.


The Normative Path

requires members to adopt a specific set of cultural elements, without question and without revision, and to follow them in their lives. The book specifies a normative form of Hualish termedHumanistic Hualish (HH) .


Academic Institution

Institution of Sustainable and Innovative Growth